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THE FULL COMPLEMENT OF GREENHOUSE GASES

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I have now published my theory of the atmosphere.  Augmenting 19th Century Thermoelectric Greenhouse Theory with 20th Century Quantum Mechanics Raman Spectroscopy: Towards a Coherent Radiation Theory of the Atmosphere THE FULL COMPLEMENT OF GREENHOUSE GASES This is a diagram of all the vibrational modes ('absorption bands') of the Earth's atmospheric gases; in the near infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum. Gases are detected by thermoelectric thermopile or bolometer detectors (below), 'what is incorrectly termed 'IR spectroscopy'; and by thermoelectric's complement, Raman (Laser Lidar) spectroscopy (above). Notice O2 and N2 (some 99% of the dry atmosphere) are only detected by means of Raman spectroscopy. This is due to them both having their one (and only) vibrational mode being non-thermoelectric:  they both have only symmetric vibrational modes, with no electric dipole moments to generate, by the thermopile, an electric charge, and so a

The Infrared Catastrophe

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I have now published my updated theory of the atmosphere.  Augmenting 19th Century Thermoelectric Greenhouse Theory with 20th Century Quantum Mechanics Raman Spectroscopy: Towards a Coherent Radiation Theory of the Atmosphere If the non-greenhouse gases oxygen (O2) and nitrogen (N2) – some 99% of the dry atmosphere – do not block (absorb or emit) infrared radiation - as assumed in greenhouse theory -  there is a contradiction in thermodynamics, which states all substances above absolute zero radiate thermal infrared radiation. Converse to the above, if O2 and N2 do radiate infrared - in accordance with thermal dynamics  - there is a contradiction in greenhouse theory as greenhouse theory assumes, as a key implied premise - derived by the Tyndall thermopile experiment - O2 and N2 are non-greenhouse gases and do not radiate or absorb any IR. This is a catastrophe: not the ‘ultraviolet’ one, but an infrared one.  It is the infrared catastrophe (my words). 

The Albedo-Emissivity Paradox

I would like to share with you a paradox I have uncovered during my investigation into thermoelectrics ('IR spectroscopy') that I call the albedo-emissivity paradox.  The albedo of snow is very high as it reflects light, while at the same time the emissivity of snow is also very high (near 1, which implies it absorbs and emits IR radiation, and does not reflect IR (thermal) radiation). Snow and ice are near perfect black bodies. But, does snow really not reflect IR (heat)? In any other context IR is thermo radiation, and related to heat and temperature. Snow absorbs this IR but does not reflect it? Can this be true? I don't think so. Black painted or dyed snow will melt faster that white pure snow.  I don't think anyone has discussed this paradox.  Where have I - or scientists gone wrong?  I have a possible answer to this, and the clew is aluminium and other shiny metals - all of which all have low emissivities - next to 0.  Other materials don't have su

Questions to the infinite monkey cage on climate change

Here are my questions to the team of the The Infinite Monkey Cage , Series 13   on Climate Change Where: Brian Cox and Robin Ince are joined by guests Dara O Briain, Professor Tony Ryan and Dr Gabrielle Walker to discuss the ever-hot topic of climate change. They take a forensic look at the evidence that the climate is indeed changing, how we know that we are responsible, and what can be done to stop it. The scientific willing may be there, but is the political will finally catching up? My Questions 1)       How can it be oxygen and nitrogen do not absorb or emit infrared radiation when (in the next chapter of my physics book) it is said ‘no substance does not radiate infrared’? 2)       Would a molecule of oxygen in the vacuum of space, in the sun, absorb IR (heat)? If not why not? 3)       Why do we only use thermoelectric thermopile detectors (as John Tyndall used in his 1859 experiment) when if we used also   Raman spectrometers ( t

Does oxygen in the vacuum of space absorb IR Radiation?

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I have now published my updated theory of the atmosphere.  Augmenting 19th Century Thermoelectric Greenhouse Theory with 20th Century Quantum Mechanics Raman Spectroscopy: Towards a Coherent Radiation Theory of the Atmosphere Update: May 2017 I am currently writing up my findings, but have settled this question: N2 and O2 do absorb and emit IR radiation in space, at least the thermosphere. In the thermosphere there can only be radiation and these molecules are 'radiated' to a temp of some 2500C. Good for the goose, good for the gander: N2 and O2 radiate in the troposphere too.  The key assumption of climate science (to both proponents and skeptics of manmade climate change) is N2 and O2 – the non greenhouse gases; constituting 99% of the dry atmosphere – do not absorb or emit IR radiation.   In space, there is only radiation to transfer heat energy.  If it is true for the vacuum of space, then it must be true for the atmosphere. Space  is the place to test that premise. 

Improved Fractal Lorenz Curve

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Four years ago I conducted a 'loose' experiment on a Christmas tree to test the weight distribution of branches for Lorenz curve wealth distribution similarities in an economy. This week I finished the Figure 3 chart (below) after modelling the Koch Snowflake fractal for (Lorenz) area distribution. Took me hours.  I found the area distribution not only follows what we observe with wealth distribution but expands as the fractal grows (or develops) with time (Table 1). I also found different area groups (triangle sizes) grow with time (from an arbitrary size), and accelerate apart from each other with time. This is geometry and can be observed in any fractal structure. I have updated my post at academia.edu Abstract: Global income has increased exponentially over the last two hundred years; while, and at the same time respective Gini coefficients have also increased: this investigation tested whether this pattern is a property of the mathematical geometry terme