My discoveries and insights derived from the fractal. Towards a theory of Quantum Chaos. Experts on fractal point out examples of fractals as trees and clouds; I say they are everywhere and everything and it is more interesting finding what is not fractal.
Where: Brian Cox and Robin Ince are joined by guests Dara O Briain, Professor Tony Ryan and Dr Gabrielle Walker to discuss the ever-hot topic of climate change. They take a forensic look at the evidence that the climate is indeed changing, how we know that we are responsible, and what can be done to stop it. The scientific willing may be there, but is the political will finally catching up?
1)How can it be oxygen and nitrogen do
not absorb or emit infrared radiation when (in the next chapter of my physics
book) it is said ‘no substance does not radiate infrared’?
2)Would a molecule of oxygen in the
vacuum of space, in the sun, absorb IR (heat)? If not why not?
3)Why do we only use thermoelectric
thermopile detectors (as John Tyndall used in his 1859 experiment) when if we
used also Raman spectrometers ( the
complement to IR/thermoelectric spectrometers) we would see clearly the
predicted vibrational modes of oxygen and nitrogen at 1556 and 2330cm-1 respectively (right
within the IR range of the EMS)?
4)Why don’t we use CO2 as a heat
trapping gas as it is said to be? We could put it in double glazed windows. If
it is good enough for the climate, it is good enough for my house.
5)If I were to start a crowd funding
project to research the heat trapping
potential of CO2 (as an insulant) would you indorse my project? Put your
support, or your money where your mouth is?
6)Why haven’t any animal evolved to use
CO2 to trap heat like they do water vapour?
7)If CO2 changes climate; why doesn’t
it factor in meteorology- directly? Why
don’t pilots measure it? They measure water, and air pressure and temperature –
not any greenhouse gases as far as I know.
The key assumption of
climate science (to both proponents and skeptics of manmade climate change) is
N2 and O2 – the non greenhouse gases; constituting 99% of the dry
atmosphere – do not absorb or emit IR radiation. In space, there is only radiation to transfer
heat energy. If it is true for the vacuum of space, then it must be true for the atmosphere. Space is the place to test that premise.
I have asked three expert
physicists (two of them ex-Professors of chemistry, and one of them a climate skeptic) and they all suggest, tentatively, they
must. I don't think anyone has thought about it before. The thought experiment came to me while watching Apollo 13 - they 'vented' O2 gas into space. NASA, we’ve got a problem.
I can imagine a molecule
of O2 (and or N2) warming, gaining energy as it gets nearer the sun, and
cooling when farther from the sun. They must, otherwise they defy
Besides this, in thermal radiation theory, all substances are said to radiate infrared; if N2 and O2 don't, then there is a contradiction.
So where have we gone wrong?
It is instrumentation: we
have been using an instrument that uses thermopile detectors. These thermopiles
discriminate both N2 and O2 as – due to N2 and O2 lack of a symmetric/ non
electric dipole moment – they do not generate electricity via the Seebeck
effect and so are not measured; while CO2, CH4, H2O, and the others (the so
called greenhouse gases, but really should be called the thermoelectric gases)
– do and are.
I have discovered N2 and
O2 both have vibration modes in the IR range of the electromagnetic spectrum,
at 2330cm-1 and 1556 cm-1 respectively, and these vibrational modes can both be
clearly observed by using a Raman Spectrometer.
There’s where we have
She followed my reasoning.
My Professor friend asked me: 'why
are you asking these questions Blair?' I replied: isn’t that what science is